Pragmatic Apparatus – Pragmatic Hypotheses in the Evolution of Science

Cited by Lee Sonogan

PDF] Pragmatic Hypotheses in the Evolution of Science | Semantic Scholar

Abstract by Luis Gustavo Esteves,1Rafael Izbicki,2Julio Michael Stern,1,* and Rafael Bassi Stern2

This paper introduces pragmatic hypotheses and relates this concept to the spiral of scientific evolution. Previous works determined a characterization of logically consistent statistical hypothesis tests and showed that the modal operators obtained from this test can be represented in the hexagon of oppositions. However, despite the importance of precise hypothesis in science, they cannot be accepted by logically consistent tests. Here, we show that this dilemma can be overcome by the use of pragmatic versions of precise hypotheses. These pragmatic versions allow a level of imprecision in the hypothesis that is small relative to other experimental conditions. The introduction of pragmatic hypotheses allows the evolution of scientific theories based on statistical hypothesis testing to be interpreted using the narratological structure of hexagonal spirals, as defined by Pierre Gallais.

Publication: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov Entropy (Basel). (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

Pub Date: 11 September 2019 Doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/e21090883

Keywords: hypothesis tests, precise hypotheses, pragmatic hypotheses

https://www.mdpi.com/1099-4300/21/9/883/htm (Plenty more sections and references in this research article)

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