Pragmatic Apparatus – We Are What We Say: Pragmatic Violations Have Social Costs

Cited by Lee Sonogan

What is an example of a sentence that violates pragmatics in language? -  Quora

Abstract by Andrea Beltrama, Anna Papafragou

In two studies we show that a speaker’s choice to obey or vi-olate the pragmatic maxims of Relevance and Informativeness– as well as the reasons behind these choices (Inability vs. Un-willingness) – affect how the speaker is socially perceived, revealing a connection between pragmatic reasoning and social evaluation. Our findings further suggest that core dimensionsof social evaluation (Competence vs. Warmth) are differentially informed by different aspects of a speaker’s conversational behavior. We conclude that, even after a brief exposure to someone’s conversational behavior, people draw social inferences about the speaker by reasoning along the same principles that inform pragmatic inferences. Our results highlight how pragmatic reasoning, social evaluation and person perception jointly underlie the meaning conveyed by linguistic utterances in communication, bringing together different areas of research in a novel way.

Publication: Department of Linguistics, University of Pennsylvania (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

Pub Date: 2021 Doi:

Keywords: social evaluation; linguistic inferences; pragmatic reasoning; maxims; conversation (Plenty more sections and references in this research article)

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