Pragmatic Apparatus – Introduction: Forecasting in peace research

Cited by Lee Sonogan

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Abstract by Håvard Hegre, Nils W Metternich, Håvard Mokleiv Nygård, …

Prediction and forecasting have now fully reached peace and conflict research. We define forecasting as predictions about unrealized outcomes given model estimates from realized data, and predictions more generally as the assignment of probability distributions to realized or unrealized outcomes. Increasingly, scholars present within- and out-of-sample prediction results in their publications and sometimes even forecasts for unrealized, future outcomes. The articles in this special issue demonstrate the ability of current approaches to forecast events of interest and contributes to the formulation of best practices for forecasting within peace research. We highlight the role of forecasting for theory evaluation and as a bridge between academics and policymakers, summarize the contributions in the special issue, and provide some thoughts on how research on forecasting in peace research should proceed. We suggest some best practices, noting the importance of theory development, interpretability of models, replicability of results, and data collection.

No matter how I turn it over in my mind, the number one task of peace research always turns out to be that of prediction […] (J David Singer, 1973)

Publication: Journal of Peace Research (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

Pub Date: Feb 22, 2017 Doi:

Keywords: forecasting, out of sample evaluation, peace research, prediction, theory testing (Plenty more sections and references in this introductional research article)

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