Pragmatic Apparatus – The Role of Intelligence Quotient and Emotional Intelligence in Cognitive Control Processes

Cited by Lee Sonogan

Emotional Intelligence vs. IQ

Abstract by Purificación Checa1* and Pablo Fernández-Berrocal2

The relationship between intelligence quotient (IQ) and cognitive control processes has been extensively established. Several studies have shown that IQ correlates with cognitive control abilities, such as interference suppression, as measured with experimental tasks like the Stroop and Flanker tasks. By contrast, there is a debate about the role of Emotional Intelligence (EI) in individuals’ cognitive control abilities. The aim of this study is to examine the relation between IQ and EI, and cognitive control abilities evaluated by a typical laboratory control cognitive task, the Stroop task. Results show a negative correlation between IQ and the interference suppression index, the ability to inhibit processing of irrelevant information. However, the Managing Emotions dimension of EI measured by the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT), but not self-reported of EI, negatively correlates with the impulsivity index, the premature execution of the response. These results suggest that not only is IQ crucial, but also competences related to EI are essential to human cognitive control processes. Limitations and implications of these results are also discussed.

Publication: Frontiers In Psychology (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

Pub Date: 1 Dec, 2015 Doi: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01853

Keywords: interference suppression, impulsivity, Stroop, emotional intelligence, intelligence, cognitive abilities

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01853/full (Plenty more sections and references in this research article)

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