Pragmatic Apparatus – A Pragmatist Approach to Complexity Theorizing in Project Studies: Orders and Levels

Cited by Lee Sonogan

Pragmatism is the key to deal with complex adaptive systems - Unicist IT  Architecture

Abstract by Stephane Tywoniak, Lavagnon Ika, Christophe Bredillet

The limitations of complexity theorizing in project studies are traced back to simplistic and reductionist theorizing strategies. This article offers pragmatist recommendations to develop strong theorizing strategies organized in a triad: orders of theorizing (degree of recursiveness of the theorizing process), levels of theorizing (interactions between micro, meso, and macro loci of analysis), and the integration between orders and levels brought together in a recursive relationship of co-construction. We offer four main contributions to complexity theorizing in project studies: pragmatism is useful, deeper attention should be paid to theorizing across levels, third-order theorizing is needed, and complexifying terminology is required.

Publication: Project Management Journal (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

Pub Date: Apr 4, 2021 Doi:

Keywords: project complexity, pragmatism, orders of theorizing, levels of analysis, project studies, complexity theory (Plenty more sections and references in this research article)

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