Pragmatic Apparatus – Wise reasoning, intergroup positivity, and attitude polarization across contexts

Cited by Lee Sonogan

Intergroup Relations - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Abstract by Justin P. Brienza,Franki Y. H. Kung &Melody M. Chao 

We hypothesized that a wisdom-based reasoning process comprised of epistemic humility, accounting for context, and integrating different perspectives and interests, would be helpful in overcoming intergroup bias and attitude polarization in societal conflicts. Here we test the hypothesis using both the Situated Wise Reasoning Scale and experimental induction. In each study, we recruited participants who self-identified as members of a group implicated in an ongoing intergroup situation. In five correlational studies (Studies 1-5) we examined the relations between measured wise reasoning and intergroup positivity and attitude polarization. In two experiments, we tested the effects of a brief online wise-reasoning thought exercise on intergroup positivity and polarization (Studies 6-7), and charitable behaviors to an outgroup (Study 6). We found that wise reasoning relates to more positivity toward outgroups and less attitude polarization across different groups and conflicts. The results have implications for theory and may also have implications for future research on interventions to improve intergroup relations.

Publication: Nature Communications (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

Pub Date: 3 June 2021 Doi:

Keywords: Decision Making, Human Behaviour, Society (Plenty more sections, figures and references in this article)

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