Cited by Lee Sonogan
Abstract by Emanuele Castano
Research shows that reading literary but not popular fiction enhances the Theory of Mind (ToM). This article builds on the symmetry between literary theory and film theory and investigates whether exposure to art films, but not Hollywood films, enhances ToM. Participants (N = 232) were randomly assigned to view either art or Hollywood films and then answered questions about the film and its characters before completing two separate measures of ToM (the Read the Mind in the Eyes Test and the Moral Judgement Task). Results showed that art film viewers scored higher on both ToM measures and that the effect was sequentially mediated by perception of complexity and predictability of the characters. The findings are discussed in the context of the emerging literature on the impact of fiction on social cognition.
Publication: Humanities and Social Sciences Communications (Peer-Reviewed Communication)
Pub Date: 25 May 2021 Doi: https://doi.org/10.1057/s41599-021-00793-y
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41599-021-00793-y (Plenty more sections, figures and references in the article)