A quotes list created by Lee Sonogan
John Bordley Rawls os a well-known philosopher political and moral in the 20th century. A man with plenty of notable ideas, they all sum up into the term ‘justice’. From Original Position a thought experiment too much solid central liberalism, he asked how can power be more legitimate given the considered nature of the good life. These questions or quotes deserve to be more out in the limelight.
Many of our most serious conflicts are conflicts within ourselves. Those who suppose their judgements are always consistent are unreflective or dogmatic.
A just society is a society that if you knew everything about it, you’d be willing to enter it in a random place.
The natural distribution is neither just nor unjust; nor is it unjust that persons are born into society at some particular position. These are simply natural facts. What is just and unjust is the way that institutions deal with these facts.
The bad man desires arbitrary power. What moves the evil man is the love of injustice.
No one deserves his greater natural capacity nor merits a more favorable starting place in society.
In all sectors of society there should be roughly equal prospects of culture and achievement for everyone similarly motivated and endowed. The expectations of those with the same abilities and aspirations should not be affected by their social class.
The naturally advantaged are not to gain merely because they are more gifted, but only to cover the costs of training and education and for using their endowments in ways that help the less fortunate as well.
Ideally citizens are to think of themselves as if they were legislators and ask themselves what statutes, supported by what reasons satisfying the criterion of reciprocity, they would think is most reasonable to enact
.Justice is the first virtue of social institutions, as truth is of systems of thought. A theory however elegant and economical must be rejected or revised if it is untrue; likewise laws and institutions no matter how efficient and well-arranged must be reformed or abolished if they are unjust.
Any comprehensive doctrine, religious or secular, can be introduced into any political argument at any time, but I argue that people who do this should also present what they believe are public reasons for their argument. So their opinion is no longer just that of one particular party, but an opinion that all members of a society might reasonably agree to, not necessarily that they would agree to. What’s important is that people give the kinds of reasons that can be understood and appraised apart from their particular comprehensive doctrines.
The intolerant can be viewed as free-riders, as persons who seek the advantages of just institutions while not doing their share to uphold them.
Surely there is plenty of words I have missed for this list… Our man of the hour was influenced by many people already existing in the Famous People category. Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, Marx, Freud, Nietzsche, Darwin, Mill, Sidgwick, Hart, Berlin, Malcolm, Ludwig Wittgenstein.