Logical Fallacies Explained

An article written by Lee Sonogan

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“Logical fallacies are unsubstantiated assertions that are often delivered with a conviction that makes them sound as though they are proven facts. …Whatever their origins, fallacies can take on a special life of their own when they are popularized in the media and become part of a national credo” – Rian McMulli

You can describe a logical fallacy as an error or faulty reasoning which renders an argument invalid. Uneasy to spot, people use them to mislead you into thinking, acting, or behaving in a specific way. As you unconsciously already know, people in sales, politicians and deceptive con artists use them all the time. Understanding flaws in people’s rhetoric gives you an opportunity to avoid bad information and you obtain a tool to refute or call out the illogical.

There are hundreds of these methods/techniques to build better arguments while identifying the truth between fiction. Ones who practise them can be consistent in conversations where personal intentions can fly under the radar. Others spew fallacies out of carelessness or ignorance.

Common Logical Fallacies:

  • Straw Man Fallacy
  • Appeal to Authority Fallacy
  • Bandwagon Fallacy
  • False Dilemma Fallacy
  • Hasty Generalization Fallacy
  • Correlation/Causation Fallacy
  • Middle Ground Fallacy
  • Slippery Slope Fallacy
  • Many more!

In modern times of outrage culture, these forms of comments in the overall debates are inherently wrong. Using this power for evil to win any back and forth, the virtue signally weakens any positive point you are trying to make. Jumping to conclusions avoids important ethical decisions made in any discussion.

Evidence that supports individual claims will always be more credible in communicating language. It overcomes contradictions in the exchange of questions and answers. Structures conjunctions within greater assortments of objective reality. For the sake of devil’s advocate and expression is one thing, developing a win/win situation is another.

“Applying logic to potentially illogical behaviour is to construct a house on shifting foundations. The structure will inevitably collapse.” ― Stewart Stafford

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