On This Day In History – October 20th (50 List)

A 50 list created by: Lee Sonogan

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Six days before my birthday I have decided to create a list about certain days of the year which had a relevant history. Thinking that this could be a new series of long-lasting posts, there are 354 more days I could compile and document what happened. From the political to events at each year, October 20th was a day through time with many interesting facts and figures.

  1. 480 Greeks defeat the Persians in a naval battle at Salamis.
  2. 1097 1st Crusaders arrive in Antioch during the First Crusade
  3. 1268 Konradijn Hohenstaufen, son of Koenraad IV, was beheaded in Naples.
  4. 1528 Treaty of Gorinchem signed between Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Duke Charles of Guelders
  5. 1576 Spanish troops occupy & plunder Maastricht
  6. 1603 Chinese uprising in the Philippines fails after 23,000 killed
  7. 1634 British King Charles I disbands new “Ship Money” tax
  8. 1687 In Peru a massive earthquake levelled most of Lima. It triggered a tsunami and overall about 5,000 people died.
  9. 1714 George I of England crowned.
  10. 1720 Caribbean pirate Calico Jack is captured by the Royal Navy.w
  11. 1740 Maria Theresa became ruler of Austria, Hungary and Bohemia upon the death of her father, Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI.
  12. 1774 The Continental Congress ordered the discouragement of entertainment.
  13. 1803 The U.S. Senate approved the Louisiana Purchase.
  14. 1805 Austrian general Karl Mac surrenders to Napoleon’s army at the battle of Ulm.
  15. 1818 The Convention of 1818 is signed between the United States and the United Kingdom, which settles the Canada–United States border on the 49th parallel for most of its length.
  16. 1820 Spain sold a part of Florida to the US for $5 million.
  17. 1822 The 1st edition of the London Sunday Times was published.
  18. 1827 In the Battle of Navarino, a combined Turkish and Egyptian fleet is defeated by British, French and Russian naval forces in the last significant battle fought with wooden sailing ships.
  19. 1833 Charles Darwin reached the river mouth of Parana.
  20. 1864 US President Abraham Lincoln formally establishes Thanksgiving as a national holiday
  21. 1880 Amsterdam Free University opens
  22. 1891 Sir James Chadwick, physicist, was born. He won the Nobel Prize for discovering neutrons.
  23. 1911 Norwegian Roald Amundsen sets out a race to the South Pole
  24. 1917 US suffragette Alice Paul begins a 7 month jail sentence for protesting women’s rights in Washington
  25. 1918 Germany aimed at an armistice and agreed to further concessions.
  26. 1935 Communist forces end their Long March at Yan’an, in Shaanxi, China, bringing Mao Zedong to prominence
  27. 1941 World War II: Thousands of civilians in German-occupied Serbia are murdered in the Kragujevac massacre.
  28. 1947 Hollywood came under scrutiny as the House Un-American Activities Committee opened hearings into alleged Communist influence within the motion picture industry.
  29. 1951 The “Johnny Bright incident” occurs in Stillwater, Oklahoma.
  30. 1955 Publication of “The Return of the King”, The Lord of the Rings” by J. R. R. Tolkien by George Allen and Unwin in London
  31. 1957 Walter Cronkite began hosting “The 20th Century.” The show aired until January 4, 1970.
  32. 1961 The Soviet Union performs the first armed test of a submarine-launched ballistic missile, launching an R-13 from a Golf-class submarine.
  33. 1962 Kennedy secretly plans blockade of Cuba
  34. 1963 South Africa begins the trial of Nelson Mandela & 8 others on conspiracy
  35. 1967 The first Bigfoot footage is filmed at Bluff Creek by Roger Patterson and Robert Gimlin in Northern Califonia
  36. 1971 Snoop Dogg’s Birth
  37. 1973 Queen Elizabeth II opens Sydney Opera House
  38. 1976 78 people were killed when the Norwegian tanker Frosta rammed the commuter ferry George Prince on the Mississippi River near New Orleans.
  39. 1977 Plane chartered by rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd crashes in a wooded area near Gillsburg, Mississippi, killing six
  40. 1979 John F. Kennedy Library dedicated in Boston
  41. 1990 Antiwar protest marches begin in 20 US cities (US-Iraq)
  42. 1981 Two police officers and an armored car guard are killed during an armed robbery carried out by members of the Black Liberation Army and Weather Underground.
  43. 1982 During the UEFA Cup match between FC Spartak Moscow and HFC Haarlem, 66 people are crushed to death in the Luzhniki disaster. 1998 Comedian Richard Pryor is awarded the 1st ever Mark Twain Prize for American Humour
  44. 1991 6.1-7.1 earthquake in Uttar Kashi, India, about 670 die
  45. 1995 Britain, France and the U.S. announced a treaty that banned atomic blasts in the South Pacific.
  46. 2002 Blue Stream, the deepest underwater pipeline in the world, opened in Turkey and was put in use for the transport of natural gas.
  47. 2003 A 40-year-old man went over Niagara Falls without safety devices and survived. He was charged with illegally performing a stunt. 2009 – European astronomers discover 32 exoplanets.
  48. 2011 Libyan dictator Moammar Gadhafi is killed
  49. 2017 Pollution linked to 1 in 6 deaths worldwide or 9 million in 2015 in a report published in “The Lancet”
  50. 2018 12,000-year-old fossil called “Luzia”, oldest known fossil in South America announced found mostly intact after a devastating fire at Brazil’s National Museum

October 20th is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. Listing 50 in this list, there is plenty of more events and history that happened on the 20th of October throughout the years. What was listed was what I felt the most important pieces that happened today.

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