Copyright and intellectual property infringement

An article written by: Lee Sonogan


“Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.”
United Nations, Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Copyright is defined as is a legal right created by the law of a country that grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights for its use and distribution. Also, copyright is a form of intellectual property, relevant to certain forms of creative work. The exclusive rights are not absolute but limited by limitations and exceptions to copyright law, including fair use. You should consider getting copyright for your original content if needed to protect it and prove an ownership. Intellectual property infringement can also be trademark, patent or copyright infringement.

Copyright has grown from a legal concept regulating copying rights in the publishing of books and maps to one with a significant effect on nearly every modern industry, covering such items as films, sound recordings, photographs, software, architectural works and a lot more. A work must meet minimal standards of originality in order to qualify for copyright, and the copyright expires after a set period of time. Some countries require certain copyright formalities to implementing copyright, but most recognize copyright in any completed work,

Typically, the duration of a copyright spans the author’s life plus 50 to 100 years. Then copyright work becomes a part of the public domain for use. Copyright does not cover everything. Ideas that cannot be labelled under copy right are names of products. Names of businesses, organizations, or groups. Pseudonyms of individuals. Titles of works. Catchwords, catchphrases, mottoes, slogans, or short advertising expressions. Listings of ingredients in recipes, labels, and formulas, though the directions can be copyrighted.

Exclusive rights are given to you once you are a holder of copyright. You can produce copies or reproductions of the work and to sell those copies. Import or export the work. You can create derivative works that adapt the original work. Perform or display the work publicly. Sell or cede these rights to others. Then transmit or display by radio or video. You create copyright automatically upon creation of original content as well. Under fair use copyright laws, your content can still be used for quotes, reviews, satire or research reports.

Copyright infringement is the use of works protected by copyright law without permission, infringing certain exclusive rights granted to the copyright holder, such as the right to reproduce, distribute, display or perform the protected work, or to make derivative works. Proving infringement will include how substantially similar it is to yours or if the alleged infringer had access to the copyrighted work. There is no clear rules determining how substantially similar both works are. In serious cases of infringement, a person who copies a work that is protected under copyright could be arrested, fined or even go to prison.

A good understanding of copyrights will protect your original content and give you a better ownership of your ideas. Each country is different in their requirements and copyright laws. Sometimes you do not need to get copyright because other ways can be proven to be the rightful copyright owner. You can create an electronic signature or have a clear history of publishing your original content. Most countries or content will have no need to have copyright. Having copyright is just one way to prove that you own a certain piece of material or original content.

“If you put your hand in my pocket, you’ll drag back six inches of bloody stump.”
Harlan Ellison

Links to relevant information on copyright for further study:



Here is some links to my book for sale: