Issues and answers: Part 14
Written by: Lee Sonogan
“Challenge yourself; it’s the only path which leads to growth.”
— Morgan Freeman
From all these parts, you can see it will require a different kind of thinking. With all changes that would be made through peace and order, we would need to be creative to expand and to sustain it. The new ideas that will develop off ideas such as the information from Issues and answers will come from all sources and be implemented through various scientific means. So we need all relevent information available to everybody and more power to the people in the community with less in government. Only under these conditions, people will want to contribute to new ideas and empower the individual.
Creativity is a phenomenon whereby something new and somehow valuable is formed. The created item may be intangible such as an idea, a scientific theory, a musical composition, or a joke. Or a physical object such as an invention, a literary work, or a painting. There are no rules to creativity. Creative ideas may not occur immediately when the person is consciously thinking about the problem or task. It occur when an individual seeking relaxation from conscious effort. They may occur or strike when a person is doing something else, for example, going to sleep, waking up, taking a bath, or just walking.
There is a deep and meaningful connection between risk taking and creativity. Openness to experience is the strongest predictor of creativity. Creative expression is self-expression. Creativity is nothing more than an individual expression his needs, desires and uniqueness. Creativity is simply the ability to connect dots that other might never think to connect. Diversity of experience more than anything else is critical to creativity. And habit is the killer of diversity of experience.
Theories of creativity have focused on a variety of aspects. The dominant factors are usually identified as “the four Ps” — process, product, person, and place according to Mel Rhodes.A focus on process is shown in cognitive approaches that try to describe thought mechanisms and techniques for creative thinking. Theories invoking divergent rather than convergent thinking, or those describing the staging of the creative process are primarily theories of the creative process. The psychometric approach to creativity reveals that it also involves the ability to produce more. A focus on the nature of the creative person considers more general intellectual habits, such as openness, levels of ideation, autonomy, expertise, exploratory behavior, and so on. A focus on place considers the circumstances in which creativity flourishes, such as degrees of autonomy, access to resources, and the nature of gatekeepers. Creative lifestyles are characterized by nonconforming attitudes and behaviors as well as flexibility by people.
Most ancient cultures, including thinkers of Ancient Greece, Ancient China, and Ancient India, lacked the concept of creativity, seeing art as a form of discovery and not creation. The ancient Greeks had no terms corresponding to ‘to create’ or ‘creator’ except for the expression ‘poiein’ (‘to make’), which only applied to poetry and to the poet, or ‘maker’ who made it.
It is commonly argued that the notion of creativity originated in Western culture through Christianity, as a matter of divine inspiration. According to the historian Daniel J. Boorstin, “the early Western conception of creativity was the Biblical story of creation given in the Genesis.” However, this is not creativity in the modern sense, which did not arise until the Renaissance. In the Judaeo-Christian tradition, creativity was the sole province of God; humans were not considered to have the ability to create something new except as an expression of God’s work.A concept similar to that of Christianity existed in Greek culture, for instance, Muses were seen as mediating inspiration from the Gods. Romans and Greeks invoked the concept of an external creative ‘daemon’ (Greek) or ‘genius’ (Latin), linked to the sacred or the divine. However, none of these views are similar to the modern concept of creativity, and the individual was not seen as the cause of creation until the Renaissance. It was during the Renaissance that creativity was first seen, not as a conduit for the divine, but from the abilities of ‘great men’.
The potential relationship between creativity and intelligence has been of interest since the late 1900s, when a multitude of influential studies – from Getzels & Jackson, Barron, Wallach & Kogan, and Guilford – focused not only on creativity, but also on intelligence. This joint focus highlights both the theoretical and practical importance of the relationship: researchers are interested not only if the constructs are related, but also how and why.
There are multiple theories accounting for their relationship, with the 3 main theories as follows:
- Threshold Theory – Intelligence is a necessary, but not sufficient condition for creativity. There is a moderate positive relationship between creativity and intelligence until IQ ~120.
- Certification Theory – Creativity is not intrinsically related to intelligence. Instead, individuals are required to meet the requisite level intelligence in order to gain a certain level of education/work, which then in turn offers the opportunity to be creative. Displays of creativity are moderated by intelligence.
- Interference Theory – Extremely high intelligence might interfere with creative ability.
Framework of 5 possible relationships between creativity and intelligence:
- Creativity is a subset of intelligence
- Intelligence is a subset of creativity
- Creativity and intelligence are overlapping constructs
- Creativity and intelligence are part of the same construct (coincident sets)
- Creativity and intelligence are distinct constructs (disjoint sets)
“The suppression of uncomfortable ideas may be common in religion or in politics, but it is not the path to knowledge, and there’s no place for it in the endeavor of science. We do not know beforehand where fundamental insights will arise from about our mysterious and lovely solar system. The history of our study of our solar system shows us clearly that accepted and conventional ideas are often wrong, and that fundamental insights can arise from the most unexpected sources.”
― Carl Sagan
Lack of motivation, fear of failure, fear of being different, fear of rejection, poor self concept, negativism etc may hamper creativity.There is a connection between dopamine and creativity. People with high creativity are more likely to suffer from depression, anxiety, or bipolar disorder because they are more likely to feel alone with their ideas. Also most creative people have a short attention span, they are easily distracted and tend to talk to themselves more often. Creative people tend to expose themselves to new experience, sensation and states of mind.
Stress kills creativity, just like it kills mental health, the heart, and pretty much everything else. Stress negatively impacts creative expression, particularly when it involves rigid timeframes and criteria. According to psychologist Dr. Robert Epstein, no gene or any other factor predisposes some individuals toward creativity and others not (this perspective is, obviously, disputed). External factors such as stress play a much heavier role in determining innovation than anything intrinsic.
Perception is the first step to nurturing the creative spark All creative pursuits start when the thinker perceives an external stimulus and processes it in his and/or her mind. More complex than merely seeing, the ‘engines of our ingenuity’ hook up imagery with imagination. Personal differences in this inevitable linkage lead to creative output and explain why some people end up with the particular results they do and keep society pushing forward.
The stages of creative thinking or creativity are Preparation, incubation, Illumination and certification. Use this to bring out your ideas.First, it require one to understand the task or problem. It include analyses the problem and become aware of the background facts and other useful information. The person looks at the task from different angles and viewpoints. Then in the next stage there may be a feeling of getting stuck. A person gets disgusted with failure and leaves the problem or task for some time. In the next stage of ‘Aha’! Or ‘I have found it’ experience. The moment we normally associate with emergence of creative ideas. There is felling of excitement and satisfaction, of having a creative idea. finally in the last stage the worth or appropriateness of ideas or solution are tested and judged.
The more people knowing how to bring their positive thoughts/ideas out the better. There is so much good ideas out there. Governments or people in charge are not creative enough to surpass the status quo. Change comes with positive creativity and people need to know that. Without being open to big changes we are doomed to repeat the same mistakes. Organisation of information and ideas needs to be available, logically, scientifically and impactful enough to make a difference. In the next part I will tell you my recommended plan. A system that will encourage peace and order. Purpose and logic to every person on the planet. And how in unity we can grow beyond what we have now and maintain it. The part will be as long as it needs to be to get my point across.
“… if we do discover a complete theory, it should in time be understandable in broad principle by everyone, not just a few scientists. Then we shall all, philosophers, scientists, and just ordinary people, be able to take part in the discussion of the question of why it is that we and the universe exist. If we find the answer to that, it would be the ultimate triumph of human reason – for then we would know the mind of God.”
― Stephen Hawking, A Brief History of Time