Capitalism societies encourage competition and personal profit while communism is more militant than socialism. Socialism and its free processes help many people in Europe today in a mixed economy that utilises capitalism as well. But still governments around the world struggle to maintain the status quo. These benefits and ideas are what I believe can help to evolve and change into some more and beautiful. Theses ideas and values could make a productive change In big countries like America and Australia.
Humane conditions for prisoners
human dignity is important in becoming a civilised society. In Norway they believe no cruel and unusual punishment should happen to their people. Many of their well-behaved criminals live in houses out in the country. They are allowed computers and other things that other prisons would never consider. The punishment in these buildings is only to limit freedoms. A maximum security facility in Finland has modern art, video games, a big library and even their own recording studio. (link 1). Prison over crowding is one of the key contributing factors to poor prison conditions around the world. It is arguably the biggest single problem facing prison systems and its consequences can be life-threatening at worst and at best prevent prisons from fulfilling their proper function. Rates of infectious disease include HIV/AIDS and TB, and are much higher in prisons than in the rest of the population in most countries. To solve this problem, we can pay the community to look after the well-behaved ones.
Universal health care
A health care system which provides health care and financial protection to all citizens of a particular country. A situation where citizens can access health services without incurring financial hardship. Free medical services would encourage patients to practice preventive medicine and inquire about problems early when treatment will be light; currently, patients often avoid physicals and other preventive measures because of the costs. Health care has become increasingly unaffordable for businesses and individuals. Out-of-pocket payments push 100 million people into poverty every year. The most effective way to provide universal coverage is to share the costs across the population. (Link 2). Only eight of the world’s forty nine poorest countries have any chance of financing a set of basic services with their own domestic resources by 2015. Globally, 20–40% of resources spent on health are wasted. Common causes of inefficiencies include demotivated health workers, duplication of services, and inappropriate or overuse of medicines and technologies.
Opportunities in live sometimes need you to be educated. But most education institutes lack in quality and price. You get locked into a contract and it will most likely put you deep in debt. These education institutes seem to get all the money that they can get out of you. While some have dedicated teachers that encourage education, the money is always involved. Approximately two-thirds of all college students graduate with student loans. This is a fact for most countries, while there are some in Europe that are practically free. Slovenia, Mexico, Denmark, Sweden, Germany, Norway and other countries make it possible to go to university with no debt at all. (Link 3). Some of their plans meet one hundred percent of the financial needs of even the lowest income student. Plus, free education encourages young and old to be their true selfs and learn about skills of their passions and dreams. Then who knows what an individual could achieve by them self.
Universal basic income
A form of social security, in which all citizens or people of a country regularly receive an unconditional sum of money, either from a government or some other public institution, in addition to any income received from else where. It increases individual freedom. (Link 4). It supports the personal and voluntary activities of people and the values that those represent against the pressures of the market. A basic income also leads to a fairer sharing of resources and wealth, and contributes to the protection of nature and environment. A better distribution of paid labour and income and a decrease of unemployment. It supports a transition from the present economic system and policy, which aims at maximum economic growth and full employment, to an economy that ensures all people a meaningful participation. Through paid work or otherwise within the limits of nature and environment. People from Europe, North America, South America, India, Africa and Oceania support and advocate for basic income in there independent countries.
Paid vacation leave
Annual leave or paid vacation leave is where an employee is paid for a certain amount of time off work on a continuous basis compared to the time you do work. Brazil, Sweden, Finland, France, Portugal and many more countries around the world get paid for over 30 days of holidays. (Link 5). While in America and some other country have no paid vacations or annual leave. While employees in other countries enjoy as many as 40 days off a year, U.S. workers are legally entitled to no paid vacation, although many get 10 days of national holidays, the studies found. Differences in world minimums are still subject of debate regarding work-life balance and perceived differences between nations. In most countries there are additional paid leave benefits such as pparental leave and sick leave. The time to rest is important and give you the opportunities to experience new and more things in your life.
Paid maternity leave
If you are pregnant, some say you deserve time off and money to recover. (Link 6). In France, a mother’s post-partum leave is taken pretty seriously. French women are guaranteed 100 percent of their pay for 16 weeks (six weeks before birth and 10 weeks after). For families with two children, women can take an additional 2.5 years of job-protected family leave and their partner can take six months. And all families in France with two or more children are entitled to family benefits, a monthly cash payment from the French government. In Finland, you’d have plenty of time to prep for baby’s arrival. Paid maternity leave starts 50 days before your due date and continues for 4 months after giving birth. But think you have to return to work then? No. At that point, you or your spouse can collect parental allowance, which pays about 70% of your salary until the baby is 9 months old. There’s also a system, Paternal Allowance, that lets men to take time off work as well.
decriminalizing all drugs
In Portugal levels of drug use are below the European average, because of Portugal’s decriminalisation policy. (Link 7). Drug use has declined among those aged 15-24, the population most at risk of initiating drug use. decriminalisation appears to have had a positive effect on crime. With its re-categorisation of low-level drug possession as an administrative rather than criminal offence, decriminalisation inevitably produced a reduction in the number of people arrested and sent to criminal court for drug offences. From over 14,000 in the year 2000, to around 5,500-6,000 per year once the policy had come into effect. Mexico’s president, Enrique Peña Nieto, announced plans to legalise marijuana-based medicines and proposed raising the amount of the drug that can be legally carried. Uruguay legalised marijuana in 2014; the states of Colorado and Washington legalised marijuana in 2012 and on the 24th of February 2016, the Australian parliament made amendments to the Narcotic Drugs Act that legalised the growing of cannabis for medicinal and scientific purposes.
Limit profit to the people in charge and give more power to the individual worker
Socialism does not have to mean that we are all equal and the same. Sacrifices with our top earners will have to be made. It can be achieved if we tax, or limit the profit of individuals making the million dollars. (Link 8). Some of this profit can go to the workers and investing in the business. If the business offers more benefits and money, the average worker will be happy at work and in life. To reduce wealth inequalities, you introduce wealth taxes, as we did with inheritance tax a century ago. However, if you want to keep inequality under control, you need a high top rate of income tax. The top rate in Switzerland and Germany has not fallen for the past half century; in both countries the top 1% earners now take a slightly smaller share of total income than they did in the 1960s. A more equitable pay distribution allows far more people for the same cost, and the reward is greater productivity.
Make decisions through votes by the people
American idol and other reality shows show us that we do have the technology to vote. Some decisions take a long amount of time to find a answer. But some do not need to be, such as same sex marriage, decriminalising drugs, and many others, that could be solved by a vote online or by text message. This system could get rid of the waste of time we spend on the irrelevant issues. (Link 9). The voting system will encourage the average person to learn about current issues and have more power to make a impact on a decision. I believe a true democracy allows the average person to vote for a difference that will have a impact. The organisation that runs a democracy usually maintain the status quo and change like that is lost in there process. If we give the community more opportunities to make changes, we could all benefit together.
Resource based economy and the Zeitigeist movement
This two are just some of alternative systems we could start creating and using. Created by Jasque Fresco, a resource based economy is a whole factor socio-economic system in which all goods and services are available without the use of money, credit, barter, or any other system of debt or servitude. (Link 10). And the Zeitgeist movement recognises the issues of poverty, corruption, pollution, homelessness, war, and other issues in our culture. These alternative systems have socialism ideas in there goals to make a sustainable world. Human potential is what everybody and government should strive for to make a sustainable world. No one is born with bigotry, nationalism, prejudice, greed and hatred. Behaviour patterns can change, into a way of a process that involves creating and sharing. With appropriate information, a socialism type society can work. With equal rights and access to the necessities of a decent life, they will behave very differently.